Welcome What's new in Chrome extensions Getting started API Reference Samples

chrome.scripting

  • Description

    Use the chrome.scripting API to execute script in different contexts.

  • Permissions
    scripting
  • Availability
    Chrome 88+ MV3+

Manifest

In order to use the chrome.scripting API, you need to specify a "manifest_version" of 3 or higher and include the "scripting" permission in your manifest file.

{
"name": "Scripting Extension",
"manifest_version": 3,
"permissions": ["scripting"],
...
}

Usage

You can use the chrome.scripting API to inject JavaScript and CSS into websites. This is similar to what you can do with content scripts, but by using the chrome.scripting API, extensions can make decisions at runtime.

Injection targets

You can use the target parameter to specify a target to inject JavaScript or CSS into.

The only required field is tabId. By default, an injection will run in the main frame of the specified tab.

const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId},
files: ['script.js'],
},
() => { ... });

To run in all frames of the specified tab, you can set the allFrames boolean to true.

const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId, allFrames: true},
files: ['script.js'],
},
() => { ... });

You can also inject into specific frames of a tab by specifying individual frame IDs. For more information on frame IDs, see the webNavigation API.

const tabId = getTabId();
const frameIds = [frameId1, frameId2];
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId, frameIds: frameIds},
files: ['script.js'],
},
() => { ... });

You cannot specify both the frameIds and allFrames properties.

Injected code

Extensions can specify the code to be injected either via an external file or a runtime variable.

Files

Files are specified as strings that are paths relative to the extension's root directory. The following code will inject the file script.js into the main frame of the tab.

const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId},
files: ['script.js'],
},
() => { ... });

Runtime functions

When injecting JavaScript with scripting.executeScript(), you can specify a function to be executed instead of a file. This function should be a function variable available to the current extension context.

function getTitle() {
return document.title;
}
const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId},
func: getTitle,
},
() => { ... });

This function will be executed in the context of injection target. However, this will not carry over any of the current execution context of the function. As such, bound parameters (including the this object) and externally-referenced variables will result in errors. For instance, the following code will not work, and will throw a ReferenceError because color is undefined when the function executes:

const color = getUserColor();
function changeBackgroundColor() {
document.body.style.backgroundColor = color;
}
const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId},
func: changeBackgroundColor,
},
() => { ... });

You can work around this by using the args property:

const color = getUserColor();
function changeBackgroundColor(backgroundColor) {
document.body.style.backgroundColor = backgroundColor;
}
const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId},
func: changeBackgroundColor,
args: [color],
},
() => { ... });

Runtime strings

If injecting CSS within a page, you can also specify a string to be used in the css property. This option is only available for scripting.insertCSS(); you can't execute a string using scripting.executeScript().

const css = 'body { background-color: red; }';
const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.insertCSS(
{
target: {tabId: tabId},
css: css,
},
() => { ... });

Handling results

The results of executing JavaScript are passed to the extension. A single result is included per-frame. The main frame is guaranteed to be the first index in the resulting array; all other frames are in a non-deterministic order.

function getTitle() {
return document.title;
}
const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId, allFrames: true},
func: getTitle,
},
(injectionResults) => {
for (const frameResult of injectionResults)
console.log('Frame Title: ' + frameResult.result);
});

scripting.insertCSS() does not return any results.

Promises

If the resulting value of the script execution is a promise, Chrome will wait for the promise to settle and return the resulting value.

async function addIframe() {
const iframe = document.createElement('iframe');
const loadComplete = new Promise((resolve) => {
iframe.addEventListener('load', resolve);
});
iframe.src = 'https://example.com';
document.body.appendChild(iframe);
await loadComplete;
return iframe.contentWindow.document.title;
}

const tabId = getTabId();
chrome.scripting.executeScript(
{
target: {tabId: tabId, allFrames: true},
func: addIframe,
},
(injectionResults) => {
for (const frameResult of injectionResults)
console.log('Iframe Title: ' + frameResult.result);
});

Summary

Types

ContentScriptFilter

Chrome 96+

Properties

CSSInjection

Properties

  • css

    string optional

    A string containing the CSS to inject. Exactly one of files and css must be specified.

  • files

    string[] optional

    The path of the CSS files to inject, relative to the extension's root directory. Exactly one of files and css must be specified.

  • origin

    StyleOrigin optional

    The style origin for the injection. Defaults to 'AUTHOR'.

  • Details specifying the target into which to insert the CSS.

ExecutionWorld

Chrome 95+

The JavaScript world for a script to execute within.

Type

"ISOLATED"

, or

"MAIN"

InjectionResult

Properties

  • frameId

    number

    Chrome 90+

    The frame associated with the injection.

  • result

    any optional

    The result of the script execution.

InjectionTarget

Properties

  • allFrames

    boolean optional

    Whether the script should inject into all frames within the tab. Defaults to false. This must not be true if frameIds is specified.

  • frameIds

    number[] optional

    The IDs of specific frames to inject into.

  • tabId

    number

    The ID of the tab into which to inject.

RegisteredContentScript

Chrome 96+

Properties

  • allFrames

    boolean optional

    If specified true, it will inject into all frames, even if the frame is not the top-most frame in the tab. Each frame is checked independently for URL requirements; it will not inject into child frames if the URL requirements are not met. Defaults to false, meaning that only the top frame is matched.

  • css

    string[] optional

    The list of CSS files to be injected into matching pages. These are injected in the order they appear in this array, before any DOM is constructed or displayed for the page.

  • excludeMatches

    string[] optional

    Excludes pages that this content script would otherwise be injected into. See Match Patterns for more details on the syntax of these strings.

  • id

    string

    The id of the content script, specified in the API call. Must not start with a '_' as it's reserved as a prefix for generated script IDs.

  • js

    string[] optional

    The list of JavaScript files to be injected into matching pages. These are injected in the order they appear in this array.

  • matches

    string[] optional

    Specifies which pages this content script will be injected into. See Match Patterns for more details on the syntax of these strings. Must be specified for registerContentScripts.

  • persistAcrossSessions

    boolean optional

    Specifies if this content script will persist into future sessions. The default is true.

  • runAt

    RunAt optional

    Specifies when JavaScript files are injected into the web page. The preferred and default value is document_idle.

  • world

    ExecutionWorld optional

    Chrome 102+

    The JavaScript "world" to run the script in. Defaults to ISOLATED.

ScriptInjection

Properties

  • args

    any[] optional

    Chrome 92+

    The arguments to curry into a provided function. This is only valid if the func parameter is specified. These arguments must be JSON-serializable.

  • files

    string[] optional

    The path of the JS or CSS files to inject, relative to the extension's root directory. Exactly one of files and func must be specified.

  • injectImmediately

    boolean optional

    Chrome 102+

    Whether the injection should be triggered in the target as soon as possible. Note that this is not a guarantee that injection will occur prior to page load, as the page may have already loaded by the time the script reaches the target.

  • Details specifying the target into which to inject the script.

  • world

    ExecutionWorld optional

    Chrome 95+

    The JavaScript "world" to run the script in. Defaults to ISOLATED.

  • func

    function optional

    Chrome 92+

    A JavaScript function to inject. This function will be serialized, and then deserialized for injection. This means that any bound parameters and execution context will be lost. Exactly one of files and func must be specified.

    The func function looks like: () => {...}

StyleOrigin

The origin for a style change. See style origins for more info.

Type

"AUTHOR"

, or

"USER"

Methods

executeScript

chrome.scripting.executeScript(
  injection: ScriptInjection,
  callback?: function,
)
Promise

Injects a script into a target context. The script will be run at document_idle. If the script evaluates to a promise, the browser will wait for the promise to settle and return the resulting value.

Parameters

Returns

  • Promise<InjectionResult[]>

    Pending

    This only returns a Promise when the callback parameter is not specified, and with MV3+. The type inside the Promise is the same as the 1st argument to callback.

getRegisteredContentScripts

chrome.scripting.getRegisteredContentScripts(
  filter?: ContentScriptFilter,
  callback?: function,
)
Promise Chrome 96+

Returns all dynamically registered content scripts for this extension that match the given filter.

Parameters

Returns

  • Pending

    This only returns a Promise when the callback parameter is not specified, and with MV3+. The type inside the Promise is the same as the 1st argument to callback.

insertCSS

chrome.scripting.insertCSS(
  injection: CSSInjection,
  callback?: function,
)
Promise

Inserts a CSS stylesheet into a target context. If multiple frames are specified, unsuccessful injections are ignored.

Parameters

  • injection

    The details of the styles to insert.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

Returns

  • Promise<void>

    Pending

    This only returns a Promise when the callback parameter is not specified, and with MV3+. The type inside the Promise is the same as the 1st argument to callback.

registerContentScripts

chrome.scripting.registerContentScripts(
  scripts: RegisteredContentScript[],
  callback?: function,
)
Promise Chrome 96+

Registers one or more content scripts for this extension.

Parameters

  • Contains a list of scripts to be registered. If there are errors during script parsing/file validation, or if the IDs specified already exist, then no scripts are registered.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

Returns

  • Promise<void>

    Pending

    This only returns a Promise when the callback parameter is not specified, and with MV3+. The type inside the Promise is the same as the 1st argument to callback.

removeCSS

chrome.scripting.removeCSS(
  injection: CSSInjection,
  callback?: function,
)
Promise Chrome 90+

Removes a CSS stylesheet that was previously inserted by this extension from a target context.

Parameters

  • injection

    The details of the styles to remove. Note that the css, files, and origin properties must exactly match the stylesheet inserted through insertCSS. Attempting to remove a non-existent stylesheet is a no-op.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

Returns

  • Promise<void>

    Pending

    This only returns a Promise when the callback parameter is not specified, and with MV3+. The type inside the Promise is the same as the 1st argument to callback.

unregisterContentScripts

chrome.scripting.unregisterContentScripts(
  filter?: ContentScriptFilter,
  callback?: function,
)
Promise Chrome 96+

Unregisters content scripts for this extension.

Parameters

  • filter

    If specified, only unregisters dynamic content scripts which match the filter. Otherwise, all of the extension's dynamic content scripts are unregistered.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

Returns

  • Promise<void>

    Pending

    This only returns a Promise when the callback parameter is not specified, and with MV3+. The type inside the Promise is the same as the 1st argument to callback.

updateContentScripts

chrome.scripting.updateContentScripts(
  scripts: RegisteredContentScript[],
  callback?: function,
)
Promise Chrome 96+

Updates one or more content scripts for this extension.

Parameters

  • Contains a list of scripts to be updated. A property is only updated for the existing script if it is specified in this object. If there are errors during script parsing/file validation, or if the IDs specified do not correspond to a fully registered script, then no scripts are updated.

  • callback

    function optional

    The callback parameter looks like: () => void

Returns

  • Promise<void>

    Pending

    This only returns a Promise when the callback parameter is not specified, and with MV3+. The type inside the Promise is the same as the 1st argument to callback.